Highly productive workers and industries will continue to cluster in cities, and remote work can only go so far in reshaping the global economy, according to one leading economics researcher.
Jerusalem Demsas writes in the article and interview linked below on one of the most common questions of the pandemic: Will workers return to the city, or will huge number of former office workers and urban dwellers decamp for good to the suburbs, where they’ll work from home for the rest of their careers?
“Much ink has been spilled on how Covid-19 will impact the urban geography of the United States,” writes Demsas to introduce the context of the argument to come. “Early in the pandemic, some were even forecasting the death of the nation’s superstar cities as some urban dwellers fled for the suburbs.”
There were plenty of signs for naysayers of urbanity to point to in predicting the death of cities as a result of the pandemic. “As the year went on, demand for suburban homes fueled questions about whether these moves would be permanent,” and “A June National Bureau of Economic Research paper by researchers from the University of Chicago estimated that 37 percent of jobs can be performed entirely remotely.”
There are still, however, reasons to believe in the ongoing centrality of large cities in the economy and culture of the United States. To present that case, Demsas interviews with Enricco Moretti, economic professor at the University of California, Berkeley, who authored the 2013 book The New Geography of Jobs.
“In this interview, Moretti explains why high-productivity workers cluster in a handful of cities and why the strength of those forces means it’s unlikely that very many of us will be working fully remotely in the long run. We also discuss why such a small slice of the American labor force can determine so much about which cities dominate,” writes Demsas.